Did you just buy a new gun, maybe your first, because the Coronavirus has gotten you scared? Here's some info to keep you safe and legal.
Assume all guns are loaded all the time.
Never assume a gun is empty. Check to ensure that the gun is unloaded and the chamber empty. If you act like the gun is always loaded, you will treat it with more respect and are less likely to have a negligent discharge.
Keep your finger off the trigger until your sights are on target and you are ready to shoot.
Never trust your safety. Touching a trigger accidentally may cause the gun to shoot at the wrong time. Many deaths and injuries have been caused by unintentionally pulling the trigger.
Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
Control where the muzzle is aimed. If on a shooting range keep the gun pointed downrange (towards the target). If you are not on a shooting range, it is best to point the gun down and away from anyone's legs or feet.
Never point the gun at anything you are not willing to shoot.
Never point a gun (loaded or unloaded) at another person. Don't point a gun at anything that you don't want to destroy, like your car, a wall, or a TV set. If you do have a negligent discharge, if the gun is pointed in a safe direction.
Know your target and what lies beyond.
Make sure the area of your target is free of people, property, or animals. Don't shoot at random objects until you have inspected them. On a target range, make sure you have a safe backstop like a hill or berm behind the targets. In self-defense, you wouldn't necessarily want to shoot at a criminal if he is surrounded by children. When hunting, ensure that if you miss, you will not hit a person or something else. Do not shoot on or over a road and shoot away from buildings.
Lock your guns away when not in use, especially if children are in the home.
Guns should either be in a safe place or on the person. Use a gun safe, gun cabinet, locking container, or gun lock that prevents it from firing. Children should never be able to access a firearm, even if they have been trained in gun safety and they are well-disciplined. Unsecured firearms are the leading cause of accidental firearm deaths to children. The NRA recommends: STOP! Don’t Touch. Run Away. Tell A Grown-up.
Use only the correct ammunition for your gun.
Know the caliber and what loads are appropriate for your gun. For example, 9x19mm Parabellum (Luger) is different than 9x17mm, which goes by a variety of names like .380 ACP or 9mm Kurz. Some 9mm Parabellum guns cannot safely shoot high-power loads like +P+.
If it is not a life-threatening situation, do not shoot people and if this is your first introduction to gun laws, you probably shouldn't draw it. You cannot shoot someone to protect your stuff from being stolen or vandalized.
Deadly force is not permissible to stop a non-violent crime, such as shooting a burglar running away with stolen property. Please note, robbery involves force or fear and is a separate crime from a burglary, which is entering an occupied structure with the intent to commit a felony, usually theft. This video and the armed citizen's commentary is a good example of how to handle a potentially violent property theft. Pointing a firearm to deter a violent burglar as in the video would generally be permissible, but shooting without a threat of death or injury in such a case would not be.
Brandishing is defined as drawing a deadly weapon in a threatening manner, not in lawful self-defense, in the presence of two or more people (NRS 202.320). It is also a crime to aim a firearm at someone outside of lawful self-defense (NRS 202.294).
Carrying a Gun
No concealed firearm permit (CCW)? No concealed carry
You cannot carry a hidden (concealed) firearm without a permit. Do not put a gun under your shirt, put a jacket on over your gun, or put it in a purse you're carrying without a permit.
Open carry is legal in Nevada. Open carry is defined as a loaded or unloaded handgun which is carried upon a person in such a manner that is discernible by ordinary observation.
Get a holster and use it. Even if it's a cheap, universal holster use it. Don't carry a gun without a holster, especially openly. Maintain awareness of your surroundings and anyone who might want to snatch your gun (important if you're new to carrying).
Can I keep a loaded gun in my car without a permit?
Yes, for a loaded handgun. Not so for a loaded rifle or shotgun (NRS 503.165). Long-guns cannot have a cartridge in the firing chamber, but may have a loaded magazine in the weapon. Nevada has no laws prohibiting open carry or loaded carry of handguns. Without a law criminalizing something, it is legal to do that thing. (NRS 193.120).
Can I open carry a handgun in a car?
Yes. Your pistol can be holstered on you or can be visible on a seat, in the center console, in a cup holder or it can be placed out of sight in a glove box, case, or under the seat.
Does my gun have to be visible in my car?
No. Guns in cars may be anywhere; in the glove box, center console, map pocket, under the seat, in the trunk, in a cargo box, on the dash, in a cup holder, on the seat, in a gun case, in a purse, etc. The firearm does not have to be visible, except that concealed carry on the body (in a concealed holster or in a pocket) does require a permit. Open carry in a car is permissible.
Where Guns Are Illegal
You can legally openly carry everywhere except for the following places:
Firearms are banned in "a building or part thereof owned or leased by the Federal Government, where Federal employees are regularly present for the purpose of performing their official duties" and includes essentially all parts of federal court facilities (18 USC § 930). 'No weapons' signs must be posted at federal facilities in order for someone to be convicted (but you may be arrested).